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Author Guidelines

The International Journal Engineering and Applied Technology (IJEAT) publishes original papers only and submission of a manuscript will be taken to imply that the material is original and that no similar paper has been or is being submitted elsewhere. In technically categories the journal not only on engineering and technology but also in can be in another subjects of basic engineering and science such as instrumentation, machinery design, human factor and ergonomics, global warming, renewable energy, climate change, terramechanics and new materials. The journal receives three types of papers: research papers, research notes and review papers.

Submission: The manuscripts must be submitted as an MS Word file (see template). It’s must be written in English on A4 size paper (210 mm × 297 mm) in 1.5 spacing with with each every margin on top, bottom and right are 3.0 cm and 4 cm margin in left. Manuscripts should be single spaced and submitted in "Lucida Fax", 10.5 point font. Pages should be numbered in the bottom right corner. All figures, diagrams, drawings, photographs, and tables inserted in the end of the text. The length of the manuscript should not more than 10,000 words or 20 printed pages inclusive of figures and tables. Complete email addresses should be included in the manuscripts on the first page. The electronic manuscripts file should be sent by email to

Manuscript Style & Format. It is highly recommended that authors review several papers published in IJEAT to become familiar with the style and format. The English composition quality must be acceptable for publication in a quality international journal. If the English quality is unacceptable, manuscripts will be returned to the authors. These guidelines for authors must be followed precisely and rigidly. Failure to do so will result in manuscripts being returned to authors and consequent delay of the peer review process.

Title, Authors and affiliations. The title should supply enough information for the reader to make a reliable decision on probable interest. A short informative title is preferred over a long obtuse one. Titles should not more than 20 words, except in unusual instances. A good title should identify (briefly) the subject, indicate the purpose of the subject and contain keywords.

Provide the first names or initials (if used), middle names or initials (if used), surnames, and affiliations, including department, university or organization, city, state/province and country for all authors. One of the authors should be designated as the corresponding author, whose email address should also be provided.

Use “Lucida Fax”, 14 point bold font for the title only, use 10.5 point font for remainder of manuscript. Title must be using “small caps”. Put complete email addresses below the title and affiliations on the first page.

Abstract. The purpose of an abstract is to provide a clear and concise summary of the information that has been presented in an article. Each paper must have an abstract not more than 350 words, between the title and the beginning of the paper. The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions. Literature citations and references such as tables, figures or equations that have been found in the body of the manuscript should not be used in abstract. It’s means, when the researchers prepare an abstract, they should think about “this is what we studied”, “This is how we did it”, “This is what we learned” and  “This is what it means”.

Keywords. A short list of keywords or phrases should be included immediately after the abstract. A list of the keywords should not more than seven keywords or phrases in the abstract.

Introduction. The introduction should include a brief statement of why the research was conducted. The problem, present objectives, including a description of the subject, scope, and purpose along with a plan of development of the subject matter should also be included. The introduction's purpose is to encourage the reader to read further.

Materials and methods. This section should explain clearly how the study is conducted and include a description of the study site if it’s a field study, the experimental or sampling design, the protocol for collecting data and how the data were analyzed. Provide sufficient quantitative details about the experimental protocol so that other scientists could reproduce the experiments. You should reference all methods previously used and specify whether the methods had been modified and, if so, how.

Results and discussion. A solution to the problem stated in the introduction will be explaned in the results. Using tables, charts, graphs, diagrams, and photographs to visually supplement the presentation of your results. Your main data values may be restated in the text to emphasize evidence on which the conclusions are based. Do not omit important negative results.

The data are interpreted in the discussion section. A correlation with previous findings should be made by identifying how and why there are differences and where there is agreement. Speculation is encouraged but it must be identified. The discussion should present the major results and interpretations of the work including some explanation on the significant of these conclusions. Controversy should also be presented clearly and fairly.

Conclusions. Authors must state any conclusions that can be drawn from your data and present them carefully to avoid confusion from the readers. You may include the conclusion in the discussion section, or you may have a separate section for the conclusion. The summary, however, must be kept separate and data or statements must have been stated previously in the text. Do not introduce new information in the conclusion

Acknowledgements. Acknowledgments will appear at the end of the printed article and should run no more than approximately five sentences in length.

References. At the end of the text, there should be a section headed “References”. The full references should be quoted in alphabetical order using the first author’s surname with Arabic numbers. Each reference includes the names of all the authors, year, the title in the original language (and translation, where available), source, volume, issue number (in parentheses) and page numbers, in that order. Ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa). Unpublished results and personal communications are not recommended in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text. References should be arranged first alphabetically and then further sorted chronologically if necessary. More than one reference from the same author(s) in the same year must be identified by the letters “a”, “b”, “c”, etc., placed after the year of publication.

Reference samples:

Ginting M., Nouari N., Lebaal. 2009.  A Study of Surface Integrity when Machining Refractory Titanium Alloys. Journal Advanced Materials Research. 83(1): 83-86.

Groover P., Mikel. 1996. Fundamentals of Modern Manufacturing Materials. Processes and Systems. John Wiley & Sons Inc. New York.

Ranganathan T., Senthilvelan. 2011. Multi-response optimization of machining parameters in hot turning using grey analysis. Journal springerlink. 56(1): 455-462.

  1. Pan, S.Y. Liang. 2017. Material driven machining process modeling. Journal Manufacturing Letters. 14(1): 1-5.

Pöhlitz J., Jan R., Barbara K., Steffen S., Hans-Jörg V. 2018. Computed tomography and soil physical measurements of compaction behaviour under strip tillage, mulch tillage and no tillage. Soil & Tillage Research. 175: 205-216.

Sitorus A., Wawan H., Radite P.A.S. 2017. Design and Performance of Combine Corn Transplanter Powered by Hand Tractor. In: Proceedings from 3rd International Conference on Computing Engineering and Design (ICCED), Malaysia, November 23-25, 2017: 20-28.

Nomenclature. This list of symbols and other terminology relevant to a specific manuscript appears immediately following the reference section.

Mathematics. Authors must not derive, cite reference, or reproduce standard equations. Do not repeat previously published derivations of recognized equations; rather, cite a reference to a source or refer to the name, e.g., Manning's formula. Define variables and give international standart (SI) units for empirical and dimensional constraints. State only those assumptions and initial and boundary conditions needed to understand the development and conclusion of the work.

For new equations, state all assumptions and initial boundary conditions, and give sufficient derivation for the reader to understand the development. Show only those mathematical steps required for comprehension. Interpret the significance of the mathematics, and indicate the accuracy and range of usefulness of the equations. Display all important equations on separate lines with consecutive numbers enclosed in parentheses (1) and placed at the right margin to facilitate reference within the manuscript and by other authors who may cite your research. Less important equations may be incorporated within a sentence as part of the text. Write all fractions with the solidus (slash) and parentheses except for long expressions in which the build-up may add to the readability. For example,


Figures, Graphs, and Charts. Authors should include figures to emphasize points made in the text, not merely to illustrate tabular material graphically. Illustrations attract the reader's attention, clarify the text, and should not be included unless discussed in the text. Graphs and charts should be designed to improve the general presentation of a technical publication by reporting data in a manner easy to comprehend. The decision to select and use charts or graphs should be governed by the writer's message and the points to be brought out in the illustration. Graphs primarily show trends; therefore, it is not necessary for you to show all the coordinate rulings in most graphs.

For the most beneficial use of illustrations, please observe the following points:

  1. Number figures consecutively in order of their citation in the text and refer to them as Figure 1, Figure 2, etc.
  2. Figure titles are unnecessary. The title information should be contained in the figure caption in below Figures, Graphs, and Charts as “Figure 1 XXX”.
  3. When appropriate, accompany figures with legends. A legend adds to the information presented and makes it more understandable. Symbols should be identified by corresponding markings or symbols in a legend. Place the legend either above the figure or within it. Ideally, shadings should be kept to a minimum of three: white, black, and one type of lined shading. Remember to keep the elements in the same order.
  4. Plot the points accurately and draw the curves precisely. If a point represents the mean of a number of observations, indicate the magnitude of the variability by a vertical line at each point. Lines should not be less then 1 point in width. All lines need to be the same point size to ensure quality output of published articles.

Tables. Tables should not be provided in a graphic format. Tables are numbered by Arabic numerals in ascending numerical order. Use horizontal rules to separate elements within a table. Author may place additional rules under subheads or under heads that span two or more columns, and blank columns may need to be inserted to achieve this.  Caption fonts for each table should be bolded, e.g. “Table 1 XXX”, and the caption must be centered above the table.

Units, Symbols and Abbreviations. International system units must be used. Units in the table headings, legends to illustrations, etc., should follow the expression after a comma, e.g. Max. output, kW. Use a space between the number and the unit, like “5 g”, except for percentages and degrees, like “35%”, “21℃”. In choosing symbols, make sure that the same symbol is given not more than one meaning in the text. Both symbols and abbreviations must be defined at their first use in the text and used consistently.

Manuscript Template

Manuscript Template can be seen and download in here.


Peer reviewing. All papers will be reviewed by at least two peer reviewers. The Editors collate the reviewers’ reports and add their own comments. Final decisions on papers are made by the Executive Editor-in-Chief.

Proofs. Authors will receive proofs for checking. Proofs will be sent by email to one author only. These proofs, clearly marked with corrections, should be returned to the Executive Editor-in-Chief with minimum delay.

Editing. Accepted papers are edited including literal modifying and English polishing in accordance with related criteria, norms and journal style, and returned to the author for approval.

Publishing fee. Publication in the IJEAT is free of charge.

Privacy Statement

The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.